Magnetostratigraphic dating of the hominin occupation of Bailong Cave, central China

The hysteresis loop parameters show large variation of magnetic mineral size in different sedimentary contexts: it is larger in subtidal sediment than in terrigenous sediment and even larger than in shallow sea sediment. This trend is correlative with distance to sediment source and dynamic strength. Magnetic susceptibility MS and sediment grain size behave so differently in some sedimentary facies that certain big environmental changes can be clearly revealed. However, the frequently used excellent climatic proxies such as MS and grain size in loess and deep sea sediments fail to record such climatic cycles revealed by oxygen isotope in continental sea. The various sediment sources, sedimentation dynamic and their complex changes between glacial and interglacial periods should be the cause of failure. This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access. Stokstad, E.

Geofizicheskiy Zhurnal

Although the Matuyama—Brunhes boundary MBB in the Chinese Loess Plateau CLP is very important in reliably correlating Quaternary loess with other sediments in the world, particularly with marine and polar ice cores, its exact stratigraphic position remains controversial. Previous investigations usually placed the MBB between paleosol unit S8 and loess unit L8 in various locations. To better understand the spatial differences in the MBB position, a high-resolution paleomagnetic study was conducted in a loess section of the Lantian Basin at the southern margin of the CLP.

However, the regional anomalously low magnetic susceptibility in paleosols S7 and S8 indicates that it is more reliable to determine the paleoclimate boundaries between loess and paleosol horizons of this segment with median grain size. Then, the MBB in the Yushan section can be correlated with the bottom of paleosol S7, corresponding to the older part of interglacial marine isotope stage

Although the widespread loess deposits of north China have been well dates are consistent with the evidence from geology and magnetostratigraphy and.

Metrics details. The termination of the Jaramillo normal to reverse subchron is a key chronostratigraphic marker for dating global Pleistocene sedimentary sequences. However, the stratigraphic position of the geomagnetic polarity reversal varies greatly across the Chinese Loess Plateau CLP , from near the bottom of paleosol unit S9 to the middle-upper part of S Here, we present paleomagnetic and rock magnetic results from high-resolution sampling of the Yushan loess section of the Lantian Basin located within the southern CLP.

Our combined analyses determine that the polarity reversal is located in the middle-lower part of the paleosol unit S This stratigraphic position is lower than most of other studies conducted throughout the CLP. We attribute the difference in the location of the reversal to a deeper lock-in depth of remanence acquisition, which may have occurred from postdepositional processes under favorable hydrothermal conditions along the southern margin of CLP.

Significant progress has occurred in the construction of the chronological framework for the thick, continuous Quaternary loess sediments over throughout northern China Heller and Liu ; Burbank and Li ; Liu ; Kukla ; Kukla et al.

Ages for hominin occupation in Lushi Basin, middle of South Luo River, central China.

As one of the longest and most continuously deposited terrestrial sedimentary archives in the world, Chinese loess—paleosol sequences record paleoclimatic and paleomagnetic variations at a range of time scales. Magnetostratigraphic studies provide a first-order chronological framework for Chinese loess sequences. In this review, we highlight recent developments in loess magnetostratigraphy, including pedostratigraphy based on magnetic susceptibility variations.

We highlight progress in understanding the mechanisms by which the natural remanent magnetization NRM is acquired and discuss in detail the fidelity of paleomagnetic recording in loess records, including the recording of magnetic polarity reversals, excursions, and relative paleointensity variations.

Magnetic fabrics and anisotropy, Magnetostratigraphy, Reversals: process, Magnetostratigraphical dating of loess deposits in China. Nature.

Lu Yanchou, J. Prescott, G. Robertson, J. Hutton; Thermoluminescence dating of the Malan loess at Zhaitang, China. Geology ; 15 7 : — Although the widespread loess deposits of north China have been well described, there has been limited information on the absolute age of the various layers.

Loess geochemistry and Cenozoic paleoenvironments

Loess-soil sequences are among the best terrestrial records of paleoenvironments. Those in northern China provide a 22 million-year Ma geological history of the Asian deserts dust sources , winter monsoon dust carrier and summer monsoon moisture carrier winds, and the regional vegetation. Loess geochemistry represents one of the most dynamic research fields in loess-based Paleoclimatology.

The largest and most important loess deposits of South America are found in 50 ka and 20 ka revealed by OSL dating at Yuanbao on the Chinese Loess Plateau. Magnetostratigraphy and magnetic susceptibility of the Las Carreras.

Create citation alert. Buy this article in print. Journal RSS feed. Sign up for new issue notifications. The loess deposits widely distributed in the Central Shandong Mountains are significant terrestrial palaeoclimatic archives in the alluvial plain of eastern China. It is also sensitive records of East Asian monsoon changes for situating in a key region connected to the Eurasian plate and the Pacific Ocean.

However, research into the climate changes in CSM loess is restricted by the lack of independent age control. Our results reveal the following: 1 The boundary age defined by the sedimentation rates model between the Pleistocene and the Holocene at Heishan loess section is Content from this work may be used under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 3. Any further distribution of this work must maintain attribution to the author s and the title of the work, journal citation and DOI.

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In this paper, we reviewed and discussed the recent progress and perspectives mentioned in the research of paleo Asian monsoon activities from the records of loess-paleosol sequences and lacustrine sediments in East Asia. Loess-paleosol sequences and lacustrine sediments in East Asia have been recorded terrestrial environmental changes associated with East Asian monsoon activities since the beginning of Quaternary. The researches to reconstruct the activities of paleo East Asian monsoon started in by Heller and Liu , and has been stored much information on the formation and variability of the monsoon in the last two decades.

Onset of loess deposition might begin in 2. Also, the millennial time-scale variation of the monsoon activities can be recognized in the last glacial time.

Loess, Monsoon and Monsoon-arid Environment Evolution Zhisheng An U-​series dating of the Chaoxian hominin site at Yinshan, eastern China. (​Rodentia, Mammalia) from basal loess deposits at the northeastern border of Tibetan Plateau. Hou YM, Boeda E () Magnetostratigraphic dating of the Donggutuo and.

Always quote above citation when using data! You can download the citation in several formats below. The Chinese Loess Plateau red clay sequences display a continuous alternation of sedimentary cycles that represent recurrent climatic fluctuations from 2. Deciphering such a record can provide us with vital information on global and Asian climatic variations.

Lack of fossils and failure of absolute dating methods made magnetostratigraphy a leading method to build age models for the red clay sequences. Here we test the magnetostratigraphic age model against cyclostratigraphy. For this purpose we investigate the climate cyclicity recorded in magnetic susceptibility and sedimentary grain size in a red clay section previously dated 11Myr old with magnetostratigraphy alone.

Magnetostratigraphy dating based on only visual correlation could potentially lead to erroneous age model. In this study the correlation is executed through the iteration procedure until it is supported by cyclostratigraphy; i.

The Neogene succession of the Aktau Mountains in the Ili Basin, southeast Kazakhstan, is a terrestrial archive well suited for researching the role of Central Asia in Miocene climate evolution. We present an integrated approach for dating the well-exposed Bastau Formation, based on magnetostratigraphy and constraints from cyclostratigraphy and biostratigraphy. Stepwise demagnetization yielded characteristic remanence directions that are consistent with those expected for the Miocene in Central Asia.

Clim Past Discuss – Heller F, Liu TS () Magnetostratigraphic dating of loess deposits in China. Nature – Hesse PP, McTainsh GH​.

The loess of the Chinese Loess Plateau CLP potentially provide an important source of information about history of continental aridity, uplift of the Tibetan Plateau, global atmospheric circulation and are closely related to the evolution of the polar ice sheets e. Pye, ; Ding et al. In China, loess sediments not only deposit on the Loess Plateau but also accumulate in other arid, semi-arid and semi-humid areas. In recent years, increasing interest has been focused on the loess outside the CLP in order to derive more local to global palaeoenvironmental information from a wider area e.

Fang et al. To the east of the CLP, loess sediments widely distributed in Central Shandong Mountains CSM are significant terrestrial palaeoclimatic archives in the semi-humid region of eastern China. It is also sensitive records of East Asian monsoon changes for situating in a key region connected to the Eurasian Plate and the Pacific Ocean. However, compared with the detailed work on the loess sediments from the CLP, loess sediments in CSM region have not been well investigated. In recent years, the relatively unified understanding of the loess sedimentation on CSM mainly focused on its genesis and provenance: 1 the loess of CSM was characterized by typical aeolian based on the field stratigraphic characteristics and grain size analysis Liu et al.

However, research into the stratigraphy and palaeoclimatology in the CSM region are limited due to the controversy of chronology. Zheng et al. Peng et al.

Loess Meaning


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